14 Dec

Drugs and driving

Are those that occur when consumed depression and functions of psychic

Biological. This does not mean that produce sadness or mental states of depression, but a delay or reduction of the impulses. Within this group would include drugs such as alcohol, opiates (morphine, codeine, heroin, methadone or pentazocine, among others), hypnotics and sedatives (barbiturates and non – barbiturates).

These drugs produce sedation, relaxation and sense of wellbeing. Regarding its impact for driving safety, it should be noted that at least affect attention, visual perception and the ability to identify stimuli-produce a slowdown in processing information and responses subject when operating a vehicle.

Stimulants or drugs.

These are substances whose effect is stimulation and produce a state of excitement or acceleration of psychic or biological functions. They act, therefore, on the Central Nervous System increasing activation, such as amphetamines and derivatives, cocaine, xanthine’s (tea, coffee) or, and designer drugs such as ecstasy.

The effects produced by eutrophication, alert and intensified cause hyperactivity in the individual a tendency to feel especially capable for driving. Other consequences of gravity are meant decreasing the feeling of fatigue, overconfidence and decreased ability to make decisions and assess the risks, which often leads to a very dangerous risk behaviors.

Hallucinogenic drugs.

Are those drugs can significantly alter perception, resulting in the subject different perceptual distortions, illusions and hallucinations of varying intensity? This group would include, among others, drugs such as cannabis and its derivatives (marijuana, hashish and hashish oil), hallucinogens (LSD., Psilocybin, mescaline and peyote), inhalants (solvents, glues, adhesives, certain sprays and aerosol, etc.), and certain types of drugs (antidepressants, corticosteroids, anticholinergic, beta blockers, etc.).

These drugs produce strong states of tempura-spatial disorientation with subjective feelings of well-being, relaxation and disturbance, cause a decrease in reaction to stimuli causing distractions of all kinds. Its negative consequences for driving lie in altered states of consciousness, perceptual disturbances, and difficulties in fixing the attention and a significant decrease in reflexes and motor coordination in general.

Implications of drug use on driving and road safety.

The effects that drugs in the driver, both physically and behavioral depend on a whole complex set of variables, among which can be highlighted: the quantity and quality of poison that has been ingested, age and General psychophysical state of the individual, possible simultaneous or cyclic mixtures with other products, the time of making the substance, the psychological state at the time of intake, route of ingestion and metabolizing process and the type of substance or drug that question.